In telecommunications, a fiber array is a cable containing multiple optical fibers. Such cables are used for high-bandwidth data transmission, especially over long distances.
The standard, single-mode fiber optic cable contains multiple glass fibers bundled into one cable that is then covered with a plastic shell. These cables can be as large as a few millimetres in diameter and often contain hundreds of individual strands of fiber. The number of strands in an array determines the data capacity of the cable.
Because fiber optic arrays transmit data through light rather than electrical signals, these cables have many advantages over traditional copper communication lines.
One important advantage is that they do not conduct electricity and so are not subject to electrical interference or power surges. They also offer much higher bandwidth capabilities than copper wires and are far less expensive per bit than coaxial cables.
The use of fiber optic arrays is rapidly increasing in both commercial and residential applications, with installations doubling every year since 2000. These increases are due largely to decreases in cost, which have made them more attractive to businesses and private individuals alike.
Because of this price drop, as well as the advantages listed above, almost all new long-distance telecommunications systems now use fiber optic arrays exclusively.
Fiber optic arrays are an important communication technology that allows for faster and more secure communication. These arrays can be used in a variety of applications, from optical interconnects to machine vision. They are widely recognized as the future of communication technology, as they offer many advantages over copper wire networks.